Obesity surgery is the name given to surgical interventions in the digestive system to help overweight patients lose weight. For this operation to give permanent and definite results, importance should be given to nutrition and exercises after the operation. As a result of the operation, it is seen that people lose weight quickly. However, the postoperative period is very important to maintain this weight.
What are the Types of Obesity Surgery?
Today, with the progress in technology, obesity surgery techniques have also developed. One of these methods is the laparoscopic technique, which is also called the closed method. With this method, people can lose weight in a short time and turn back to their daily lives easily.
Operations in obesity surgery are carried out for four different purposes. One of them is restrictive surgery. This surgery refers to tube stomach operation. This operation involves decreasing the amount of food people consume by reducing the size of the stomach. The other one is gastric by-pass operation. Here, both the stomach size is reduced, and some of the intestines are removed so that nutrient absorption can be reduced.
One of the obesity operations is stomach botox. It is an operation in which botox is applied to the parts of the stomach that provide hunger hormone. Finally, it is intended to help losing weight with a fluid-filled balloon placed in the stomach.
Who Is Obesity Surgery Applied?
Obesity surgery can be applied when people cannot lose weight even though they do not have a hormonal disorder. However, this surgery cannot be performed on obese patients. People who can be applied bariatric surgery should meet the following criteria:
– Being between the ages of 18 and 56,
– Having a body mass index of 40 years and above,
– Having a heart disease, diabetes, cholesterol issues and sleep apnea caused by obesity,
– Becoming obese within 5 years and obtaining no results with other treatments,
– Having no problems with hormones,
– Having no alcohol or drug addiction.